ROSENHAN, D. L. (I973)
Published: A.S. Psychology http://www.holah.karoo.net/rosenhanstudy.htm
Level of difficulty: ***
BEFORE YOU READ
· Rosenhan- Being Sane In Insane Places https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D8OxdGV_7lo
· Re-enactment: Rosenhan's Being Sane in Insane Places https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3MRPICpCNrU
· BBC Mental A History of the Madhouse FULL DOCUMENTARY https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oswUssXzFlY
1. The classification of mental illness is no longer haphazard because …
2. The aim of the Rosenhan’s study was to show that ......................... still cannot be distinguished from each other.
3. We understand from the first paragraph of the section titled “Procedure” that the study met / didn’t meet the criteria necessary to conduct a scientific study.
4. The vast majority of the people taking part in the study were…. Use your own words.
5. The choice of complaints was random / haphazard / calculated / arbitrary
6. What aspects of the staff’s behavior towards the pseudo patients are hard to understand? They disregarded the fact that…………………………….and the fact that………………………………
7. What was ironic about the reactions the pseudo patients received at the hospital?
8. The mistake the hospital staff made in assessing the pseudo patients was seeing….
9. Which of the sayings below could best express the main idea of the paragraph beginning “Another example”? Mark as many as fit.
· When you hear the sound of galloping, think horses not zebras
· If you judge people, you have no time to love them
· Don’t trust everything you see; even salt looks like sugar
· We build too many walls and not enough bridges
· Do what you can, with what you have, where you are
10. The treatment of patients on a daily basis is analyzed in the text. How could it be described?
Considerate / inhuman / insensitive / invasive
11. Read the account of the administering of medication. What conclusion can you draw about the staff’s attitude?
· They didn’t visit the toilettes
· The medicine was a placebo
· They trusted the patients
· They had no cameras in the toilettes
· They were uninterested
12. Read the information concerning the second experiment. What is the take home point from the section? How many fit?
· The doctors seem to see what they want to see
· The doctors are not properly trained
· The doctors probably don’t treat their patients properly
· The judgment of the doctors seems to be clouded
· The doctors seem to have an over-active imagination
13. What conclusion can be drawn from the results of the two experiments?
14. The way the different variables were selected allowed for…
15. How were the problems that came to light as a result of Rosehan’s study dealt with? By adopting …
16. Numerous psychiatric institutions reacted to Rosenhan’s findings by…
Write an essay discussing the problems involved in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness. Before you do so, watch the videos and documentaries below:
· Towards an understanding of mental illness https://www.ted.com/talks/thomas_insel_toward_a_new_understanding_of_mental_illness#t-63561
· Doctors admit no diagnosis for Mental Health Problems https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_tiAkdLJ38
· Understanding Mental Illness, Episode 1: What is Mental Illness? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8MvY-Qpl1I4
· Understanding Mental Illness, Episode 2: Community Based Programs
ON BEING SANE IN INSANE PLACES TEACHERS’ NOTES AND KEY
This wonderful text is an account of Rosenhan’s famous experiment concerning the diagnosis of mental disease. The text is a straightforward and factual one. Yet the questions are inferential ones. It is harder to write such questions for a text like this but it is possible. Such questions ensure that the students are fully engaged.
1. Because the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is used to classify abnormal behavior
2. Sane and insane people
4. Possible answer: Professionals, educated, trained,
6. The pseudo patients said they were fine and no longer experienced symptoms / they spent time writing notes
7. They were not suspected by the staff but many of the others suspected their sanity
8. Everyday human experiences and behaviors as pathological
9. The first one and the third one
11. They were uninterested
12. One, four and five
13. Psychiatric labels tend to stick in a way that medical labels do not (This is the minimum you need)
14. The results to be generalized
16. Improving their philosophy of care