Thursday, May 5, 2016

THE PRESIDENTIAL VERSUS THE PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM


While most countries in the world are governed with a parliamentary system some others like the US are governed with a presidential system.  Do your research and decide which is best for your country and write an argumentative essay in which you defend your opinion.
Familiarize yourself with the issue
·         Advantages and disadvantages of presidential and parliamentary democracy https://quizlet.com/59862342/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-presidential-democracy-and-parliamentary-democracy-flash-cards/  
Reading material to make notes on
·         The pros and cons of Parliamentary and presidential http://ivythesis.typepad.com/term_paper_topics/2008/06/pros-and-cons-o.html
·         9 Meaningful pros and cons of parliamentary democracy http://connectusfund.org/9-meaningful-pros-and-cons-of-parliamentary-democracy
·         Parliamentary democracy pros and cons list http://nyln.org/parliamentary-democracy-pros-and-cons-list
·         Advantages and disadvantages of the presidential system http://www.researchfaculty.com/2015/11/advantages-and-disadvantages-of.html
Videos to watch and make notes on

Wednesday, May 4, 2016

LONELINESS


The two texts covering loneliness are designed to go together and form the basis of a common writing task
TEXT I: HOW LONELINESS WEARS THE BODY
“New research supports the idea that social isolation is detrimental to physical health – and that companionship may improve it”
By: Jessica Lahey and Tim Lahey
Level of Difficulty: **
NOW WATCH AND LISTEN:
QUESTIONS
  1. What additional purpose do the food deliveries by Veggie Cares serve?
  2. How do the writers support their view that the companionship the volunteers provide may be physically nourishing? They show that social isolation may cause ……………………………………………………….( Two answers, find both and express clearly)
  3. Social isolation may have far reaching and seriously detrimental effects because sufferers are more likely to develop…………………or even ……………………………………….
  4. Further research has shown that the negative impact of social isolation can/cannot be reversed. This conclusion was reached as a result of observing………………………..
  5. Read the paragraph beginning “A few decades ago…” and fill in the blank: It doesn’t make sense that social isolation is still regarded as only a psychological or social issue because research has proven that……………………………………………………………………
  6. Which sentence in the paragraph beginning “Yet” best expresses the main idea?
  7. It is implied in the text that the best health intervention for the elderly
  • May involve a cup of tea
  • Should involve medication
  • May involve companionship
  • Should involve socialization
  • May involve story telling
TEXT I: HOW LONELINESS WEARS THE BODY KEY AND TEACHER’S NOTES
This little text touches on an issue we all know but which experts have recently gotten round to trying to prove: the link between physical and psychological health. As such, it should appeal to a lot of people. As for the questions, the toughest are question 2 and question 7; the easiest is the first question. The rest are of a moderate level of difficulty. Correct understanding of the text is a prerequisite to be able to answer the questions.
  1. Delivering companionship
  2.  Paraphrasing question: The genes responsible for inflammation to be more active , while the genes that help defend against viral infections are depressed. / people to be more prone to inflammation and less able to fight viral infections
  3. Paraphrasing question: dementia, die sooner/ earlier / before their peers
  4. Higher numbers of circulating blood monocytes, a key type of immune cell
  5. There is a link between social life and immune cell genetics
  6. The psychological and the physical are inextricably linked
  7. May involve companionship
TEXT II: CAN YOU TELL IF YOUR LOVED ONES ARE LONELY?
“A new study suggests yes but it depends on the relationship”
By: Julie Beck
Level of difficulty: **
NOW WATCH AND LISTEN

·         John Cacciopa on Loneliness http://bigthink.com/videos/john-cacioppo-on-loneliness

QUESTIONS
  1.  The findings of the first study mentioned in the text proves that
  • People are wrong to deny being lonely
  • People are right to deny being lonely
  1. Why are people sometimes not completely honest when answering researchers’ questions?
  2. The …………the relationship between people ………………….they are able to identify loneliness in each other
  3. Who, according to the study, made the most realistic assessment of loneliness? Why?
  4. The reason why friends’ and parents’ assessments of loneliness are not as accurate is that they………………………………………………………………….
WRITING TASK
Use all you have learnt in the two videos you have watched and the texts you have studied to write about loneliness: discuss the gravity of the issue (refer to its effects) and how to deal with it.
TEXT II: CAN YOU TELL IF YOUR LOVED ONES ARE LONELY? KEY AND TEACHERS NOTES
  1. People are right to deny being lonely
  2. So that people will like them
  3. Closer, the better
  4. Romantic partners, their relationship is more intimate or partners learn about all parts of their lives
  5. They don’t learn as much about all parts of the subjects’ lives


Tuesday, May 3, 2016

FOOD INSECURITY; CAUSES AND EFFECTS


Some of us our lucky enough to be able to walk into a supermarket and buy whatever we want; others have to pinch and scrape and even avoid basic food stuffs because they are too pricey. These people are not exactly starving but are suffering nevertheless. What’s more their experiences have far reaching consequences. Do your research and find out more about the problem. When you are finished write a cause and effect essay.
Familiarize yourself with the issue
Reading material to make notes on
·         Food security and access: what does food insecurity mean? http://www.sustainabletable.org/280/food-security-food-access
·         The underlying causes of food insecurity http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/x8406e/X8406e01.htm
Videos to watch and make notes on

Monday, May 2, 2016

PEOPLE OVER PROFIT


 IELTS ESSAY TOPIC
Questıon:As well as making money, businesses also have social responsibilities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
In today’s capitalistic economic system, businesses mainly tend to focus on making a profit and earning a lot of money from their work rather than ethical concerns. However, there is an important issue(that)most of them ignore: ‘corporate social responsibility’. This notion is the continuing commitment by business to behave ethically and contribute to economic development while improving the quality of life of the work force and their families as well as the local community and society at large. I completely agree with the idea that businesses should do more for society than simply make money.
The social obligations that companies have cover a wide range of fields – from environment to health and to education. One primary focus of corporate social responsibility is the environment. Businesses have a large carbon footprint. Any steps they can take to reduce those footprints can be considered to be  a global environmental benefit. Besides, corporations should contribute to health issues. Unfortunately, lots of people in the world suffer from serious or even fatal ilnesses such as ‘leukaemia’, which is a type of cancer, and many charity organizations have been establishedin order to give a helping hand to these ill people, for example ‘American Cancer Society’ and ‘LÖSEV’ which is a charitable foundation giving aid to child cancer patients in Turkey. If firms make donations to these charities, they will represent a major form of corporate philanthrophy. Apart from these, it is an undeniable fact that education is an inseparable part of corporate social responsibility,too. In this sense, many projects carried out in Turkey can be mentioned in order to explain this matter. For example, the campaigns called ‘Dad, send me to school’ and ‘Let’s go to school, girls!’ are organized and funded by various firms or foundations and as consequences of these social responsibility projects, lots of children are encouraged  to receive an education and achieved gender parity in primary school education.
On the other hand,the social responsibility of business is to increase ıts profits. Namely, corporate social responsibility is also advantageous to firms due to the fact that social responsibility enterprises give credibility to the companies and raise brand recognition. As a matter of fact, these projects become an efficient form of promotion(an effective way to promote the company) after advertisements. Moreover, employees’ and clients’ commitments to the companies rise thanks to these initiatives and on the top of that, the companies will gain the public’s trust.
In conclusion, I believe that companies should place as much importance on their social reponsibilities as they do on their financial objectives.
TUĞBA ARDA


VIETNAMESE GIRLS ABDUCTED AND SOLD IN CHINA


China is suffering the devastating consequences of the long standing one child policy. Although the policy has now been amended, the gender imbalance it has given rise to will continue for a generation at least. One deeply disturbing consequence of the gender imbalance has been the trafficking of Vietnamese girls as brides. Do your research and write about the extent of the problem.
Familiarize yourself with the issue
·         Young Vietnamese girls being trafficked to China as brides https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3u36pNfZXS4
·         Vietnamese girls sold as child brides in China http://www.nk-focus.com/politics/25323
Reading material and videos to make notes on
·         Vietnamese girls smuggled into China and sold as child brides http://edition.cnn.com/2016/04/17/asia/vietnamese-girls-child-brides-china/index.html
·         China smuggles in Vietnamese child brides to bridge gender imbalance http://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2016/04/29/china-smuggles-vietnamese-child-brides-bridge-gender-imbalance/
·         Vietnam: the burden of being a child http://www.girlsnotbrides.org/girls-voices/the-burden-of-being-a-child-bride-in-vietnam/  


THE PROS AND CONS OF FACTORY FARMING


Have you ever thought about how the hens which provide your eggs are raised? What do you know about the conditions under which animals we raise for their meat are cared for? Do your research and find out then write an essay in which you argue for or against factory farms.
Reading material to make notes on
·         Factory farming: pros and cons http://apecsec.org/factory-farming-pros-and-cons/ Watch the videos as well
·         List of top 19 factory farming pros and cons http://greengarageblog.org/list-of-top-19-factory-farming-pros-and-cons  
·         What are the disadvantages of factory farming? https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-disadvantages-of-factory-farming-What-are-some-examples
·         Pros and cons of factory farming http://www.buzzle.com/articles/pros-and-cons-of-factory-farming.html
Videos to watch and make notes on
·         Here’s how we end factory farming http://www.makeitpossible.com/take_action/
·         The shocking truth about animal farming in Britain today https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IVGR1N2Pl00
·         Factory farming https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g5z_ZZ1jLhU

·         What is factory farming? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kipdLxzTw4g

Sunday, May 1, 2016

ORGANIC FARMING


Which do you prefer, ingesting a host of chemicals that are potentially toxic or eating fresh wholesome food? Which is more sensible, increasing your risk of cancer or prolonging your life span? If you want to take control of what you eat and live a long healthy life, you have one choice: organic food in which case you need to support organic farming. Do your research and discover the major arguments in favor of organic farming and also the counter arguments. When you have completed your research write an argumentative essay on the topic.
Familiarize yourself with the issue
Reading material to make notes on
Documentaries to watch
Videos to watch and make notes on
Organic farming: can it feed us all? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pKeApQPgFa0