Tuesday, April 30, 2019


Food poverty or household food insecurity is defined as the inability to afford, or to have access to food to make up a healthy diet. It is about the quality of food as well as quantity. It is not just about hunger, but also about being appropriately nourished to attain and maintain health’ on the internet. It is emerging as a growing problem in the western world and has some serious consequences. Do your research to find out more about the issue and write an essay on the topic.
Refer to my second blog, The Essay Archive, for sample essays:https://theessayarchive.blogspot.com/

Familiarize yourself with the issue
Reading material to make notes on
·         Food security and poverty – a precarious balance http://blogs.worldbank.org/developmenttalk/food-security-and-poverty-a-precarious-balance
·         The impact of poverty, food insecurity and poor nutrition on health and wellbeing http://frac.org/wp-content/uploads/hunger-health-impact-poverty-food-insecurity-health-well-being.pdf
Videos to watch and take notes from
·         The Shocking Truth About Food Insecurity | Clancy Cash Harrison
·         Food Insecurity is a Public Health Concern | Rayna Andrews https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DHBpWM0rNZI

Wednesday, April 24, 2019


It may surprise you to discover that trees can and do communicate with each other on a regular basis. Do your research to find out how they do so and write an essay where you describe it.
Refer to my second blog, The Essay Archive, for sample essays: https://theessayarchive.blogspot.com/
Familiarize yourself with the issue
·         The 17 biggest trees in the world https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NFBo5bj1tfU
·         How trees secretly talk to each other https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yWOqeyPIVRo
Reading material to make notes on
·         Trees talk to each other in a language we can learn https://upliftconnect.com/trees-talk-to-each-other-in-a-language-we-can-learn/
·         Trees talk to each other, have sex and look after their young, says author
Videos to take notes from
·         How trees secretly talk to each other in the forest https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7kHZ0a_6TxY
·         How trees talk to each other https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Un2yBgIAxYs

Sunday, April 14, 2019


By: Anna Machin
Level of Difficulty: ****
The questions accompanying this reading text are mostly search reading questions
·         Click the icon to the left of your screen and listen to the text being read out loud. As you do so, highlight the important points in the text.
1.       What major change has taken place in the assessment of the differences between humans and apes?
2.       How do we know that fatherhood is of vital importance to human beings? Because…
3.       The misguided views concerning the role of fathers described in the introduction are all examples of…
4.       The fact that human fathers don’t ‘hot foot it’ and actually ‘stick around means that…
5.       The writer’s purpose in conducting her research was to bridge…..by….
6.       What does “This” refer to in the phrase “This has meant that…”?
7.       ‘The reduced investment in the womb’ is directly due to …..
8.       What should the logical outcome of a shorter pregnancy be?
9.       The fact that the above is not the case is due to the fact that this …
10.   What does “this” in the phrase “this leads to three distinct life stages” refer to?
11.   A shorter pregnancy and early weaning in the case of the human child would not make sense unless the mother…(Tweak the text)
12.   Initially, women were more likely to seek help from other women because…..The involvement of the father only came once it became obvious that it was in the father’s interest to help/ the father’s help was inevitable/ the father was monogamous/ the father wanted fewer offspring.
13.   The active involvement of the father in supporting the child was triggered by…
14.   Dads had a vested interest in supporting the mother and the child because otherwise …(Tweak the text)
15.   The fathers’ more active involvement in the rearing of the child came when it was necessary to…
16.   What conclusion can be drawn from the account of the Kipsigis, the Aka and Western Dads?
17.   What misconception about parenting has recently been revised? This change of opinion is supported by the fact that…
18.   What conclusion cannot be drawn from the account of the chemical changes in fathers’ brains? Why?
19.   What proof can you find in the text to support the contention that fathers’ and mothers’ roles are complementary?
20.   Rough and tumble play has an important role to play in a child’s development because…
21.   The above is supported by the discovery of…
22.   What does the phrase “This crucial difference” refer to? The fact that whereas …
23.   The major advantage of changing the way we see fathers is that by doing this we will be able to…
24.   The above will have significant social connotations as well since…
Write an essay in which you discuss the reasons why both parents should be involved in raising a child.
This beautifully organized text comes from the website for Aeon and addresses some long-held misconceptions concerning child rearing. The structure of the text does not allow for detailed comprehension questions so the focus has been search reading questions that hopefully cover all the salient points. The writing task should come easily.
1.       The dividing line between us and apes is about the extent and complexity of – rather than the presence or absence of – a behaviour.
2.       It is underpinned by an extensive, interrelated web of biological, psychological and behavioural systems that evolved over the past half a million years.
3.       Sweeping generalisations and stereotypes
4.       The investment that fathers make in their children is vital for the survival of our species
5.       A glaring gap in our knowledge of our own species/ answering two very broad and open questions: who is the human father, and what is he for?
6.       Human babies are startlingly dependent when they are born
7.       A narrowed birth canal and our unusually large brains
8.       A compensatory period of maternal investment after birth
9.       Would have led to an inability to replace – let alone increase – our population
10.   The currency of life
11.   Got help
12.   Keeping track of reciprocity with the other sex is more cognitively taxing than keeping track of it with someone of the same sex / it was in the father’s interest to help
13.   The massive leap in size brains made 500.000 years ago
14.   The child and hence his genetic heritage would not survive
15.   Teach an adolescent about the rules of cooperation, the skills of the hunt, the production of tools, and the knowledge of the landscape and its inhabitants.
16.   In all cultures, regardless of their economic model, fathers teach their children the vital skills to survive in their particular environment.
17.   That mothering is instinctive yet fathering is learned/ The hormonal and brain changes seen in new mothers are mirrored in fathers
18.   Dad has not evolved to be the mirror to mum (a male mother, so to speak)/ Evolution hates redundancy
19.   The brain areas where the most activity was recorded were distinctly different, mirroring the different developmental roles that each parent has evolved to adopt.
20.   It begins to teach the child about the give and take of relationships, and how to judge and handle risk appropriately.
21.   Peaks in oxytocin, indicating increased reward, from playing together
22.   The attachment between a mother and her child is best described as exclusive, a father’s attachment to his child is based on challenge.
23.   Empower fathers to be more involved with their children (something that benefits us all)
24.   The sons of today who see dad as an equal to mum in the domestic setting will follow this role model when they themselves become parents

Tuesday, April 9, 2019


The problem of the aging population is now looming on the horizon and is beginning to worry world leaders. Do your research to discover the implications of an aging population and write about the causes, effects and possible solutions
Refer to my second blog, The Essay Archive, for sample essays:https://theessayarchive.blogspot.com/
Familiarize yourself with the issue
·         The aging population problem https://prezi.com/dnwimiyegh9n/elderly-the-aging-population-problem/
Reading material to make notes on
·         Why the world has more grandparents than grandchildren http://www.bbc.com/capital/story/20190405-why-the-world-now-has-more-grandparents-than-grandchildren
·         4 Global economic issues of an aging population https://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/011216/4-global-economic-issues-aging-population.asp
·         Two solutions to the problem of population aging https://www.brookings.edu/blog/up-front/2016/05/02/two-solutions-to-the-challenges-of-population-aging/
·         Japan’s age wave: challenges and solutions https://voxeu.org/article/japan-s-age-wave-challenges-and-solutions
Videos to take notes from
·         Harmful effects of the aging population on the economy https://www.kent.ac.uk/news/society/11994/harmful-effects-of-the-ageing-population-on-the-economy#
·         The shape of population to come https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qS_ldldHQj4
·         Challenges of an aging population https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m_uoTXDnzgs