Thursday, March 9, 2017


“What is trust, when does it pertain, and can it ever be absolute?”
By: Neel Burton M.D.
Level of Difficulty: ***
·         Are people born Good?
·         Is Evil Rational?
1.       Where else could we place the paragraph beginning “We behave justly…”? Could this be done without the need for alterations in the following paragraph?
2.       Look back at the exchange between Glaucon and Socrates. They disagree… Mark as many as fit.
·         As to the implications of injustice
·         As to the implications of health and disease
·         As to the requirements of the soul
·         As to one major source of happiness
·         As to the lack of rational control
3.       Which of the following subtitles would best fit the paragraph beginning “Even”
·         Back to nature
·         The domino effect
·         States in turmoil
·         Attack  and counter-attack
4.       Aristotle disagrees with Socrates in that he thinks that ………..isn’t the only facture that makes one good.
5.       Look back on the text up to “In Leviathan…”What kind of text is this turning out to be? What method has the writer used to make his point?
6.       Hobbes agrees / disagrees with Socrates concerning the basic liberties/proclivities / facilities / learning of human nature. It is for this reason that he believes that for peace to exist there needs to be …
7.       Read the paragraph beginning “Game Theory”. Which of the subtitles below would best fit this paragraph?
·         Game Theory
·         Vested interests
·         Virtue and interest
·         Covenants and swords
8.       Look back at the views of Socrates, Aristotle and Hobbes. Who has the most faith in human nature? Who has the least? How do you know?
9.       What conclusion can be drawn from the paragraph beginning “Happily…”?
10.   The writer supports his defense of altruism as the glue that holds society together by stating that altruism helps people both …………………..and……………………… (Base your answer on the text but use your own word)
11.   During a meeting with prison inmates Pope Francis was jostled by people who wanted to get to him and almost tripped. He raised his voice and said “Don’t be selfish!” This was uncharacteristic. He probably felt angry / confused / immoral/ ashamed afterwards because he felt that he had………………..
12.   Imagine a nobleman who is living in the middle ages. He is a notorious rake who is dying and decides to gift all his wealth to the Catholic Church on his deathbed.
Now consider the example of The Bill Gates foundation: . Bill Gates has poured his wealth into this organization.
Which is altruistic and why?
13.   The writer feels there is a link between trust and the acceptance of…..This means that people we trust can relinquish……………but in doing so they will …………………………………………………….
Write an essay on the following topic: Which of the thinkers mentioned in the text do you agree with most? Justify your answer.
This reading task mainly focuses on drawing conclusions and summarizing and is based on a truly academic text including the views of Socrates, Aristotle, Hobbes and Hume. It is a sophisticated text written at a relatively simple level and as such should appeal to those interested philosophy.
1.       Right at the beginning; yes it could
2.       One and four
3.       The domino effect; because the paragraph describes a chain reaction
4.       Nature
5.       Argumentative, comparison (by whole units)
6.       Disagrees, proclivities, social contract
7.       Covenants and Swords because it best summarizes the paragraph and gives the reader a clue as to what he is getting into
8.       Socrates, Hobbes, Socrates says that justice and injustice are to the soul as health and disease are to the body; and if health in the body is intrinsically desirable, then so is justice in the soul. Hobbes thinks so little of human nature that he cannot even conceive of genuine trust and by his social contract…
9.       Happily, human nature is a bit brighter than Hobbes surmised
10.   Personally and socially OR on a personal level and a social level
11.   Ashamed, Fallen short of cultural or societal moral standards
12.   The Bill Gates foundation. In the first example there is far more vested interest. The nobleman wants to save his soul. He has come to the end of his life and he is afraid. There is vested interest in the first example as well but it is much less important.
13.   Responsibility, responsibility, not mislead us and let us down gently

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