“No one covets a stressful childhood. But the later-life benefits of growing up in a tumultuous home are beginning to come to light, upending conventional wisdom in the process.”
By: Megan Hustard
Published: March 7, 2017; Psychology Today, https://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/201703/the-surprising-benefits-tough-childhood
Level of Difficulty: ***
BEFORE YOU READ
· How childhood trauma affects health across a lifetime https://www.ted.com/talks/nadine_burke_harris_how_childhood_trauma_affects_health_across_a_lifetime/transcript?language=en#t-89664
· EDxNewy 2011 - Liz Mullinar - Treating the core problem of childhood trauma https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=svX3fEdVTLQ
· How Do We Stop Childhood Adversity from Becoming a Life Sentence. | Benjamin Perks | TEDxPodgorica https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qp0kV7JtWiE
· The effect of trauma on the brain and how it affects behaviors | John Rigg | TEDxAugusta
1. The life Sarah lead in her formative years left a lasting impression because she spent her time with…
2. What illogical idea did Sarah come to believe in?
3. Sarah feels sorry for her husband because she doesn’t love him / he is too clingy / he wants to hold her hand / she can’t tolerate signs of love / she acts on instinct.
4. Having to deal with two alcoholic parents while growing up sharpened Sarah’s ……………proving that there are some up sides to a painful childhood.
5. Read the first two paragraphs of the section titled “New Perspectives”. We understand from this section that a painful childhood:
· Prevents a child from developing properly
· Prevents a child from developing psychologically
· Prevents a child from developing his inherent abilities
· Prevents a child from dealing with stress
6. We also learn from the text that a painful childhood can put the individual permanently on the defensive and see ‘perceived enemies’ behind every bush. This is called ……………….Such individuals develop various antisocial behavior patterns such as……
7. What was the major flaw in the research that reached all the above conclusions?
8. Read as far as the next subtitle. We understand from the example provided that a reaction that is………….in one situation can be ………….in another or vice versa . There is more than one answer but they are synonyms.
9. Read the experiment concerning task shifting and inhibitory control. Did the results of the experiment bear out the initial hypothesis? Now look at the results once again the superiority of those who experienced unpredictability in childhood in terms of …………..is significant because………….
10. Read Steve’s story to the end. His childhood experiences helped develop a basic characteristic and this has helped him a lot in life. This characteristic is…
11. A second cognitive advantage enjoyed by people like Steve involves efficiency and is called:
12. Growing up in unstable environments can also make people hyper vigilant and lead them to do better in situations where they need to….
13. Where in the paragraph beginning “Stress is not one-dimensional…” would you place the following sentence: There are numerous variables at play in shaping the kind of adult the child will become and researchers should beware of overgeneralizations
14. Why does a moderate amount of stress increase success in dealing with a challenging problem?
15. Does Frankenhuis believe nurture, nature or a combination of both when it comes to the formation of a child’s character?
16. Lillian was able to cope with everything life threw at her thanks to …..
17. What misguided practice does the writer criticize?
18. Read the story of the group retreat organized by Morgan Crone. What conclusion can we draw from the example?
Write an essay in which you discuss the advantages and disadvantages of a painful childhood. Use the information you have acquired.
THE SURPRISING BENEFITS OF A TOUGH CHILDHOOD KEY AND TEACHERS’ NOTES
A lot of people experience tumultuous childhoods which leave their mark and shape their future endeavors. This article focuses on the upsides as well and is therefore refreshing. Hopefully, students with similar experiences to those mentioned in the text will also provide insight and tell their own stories.
1. Two problem drinkers
2. That everything was her fault
3. She cannot tolerate signs of love
4. Observational Skills
5. Prevents a child from developing his inherent abilities
6. Hostile attribution / Acting rashly, even when unprovoked, being sullen and withdrawn and flying off the handle
7. It focused on what people from adverse environments were bad at
8. Maladaptive / wrong / bad etc. ; adaptive /right / good etc
9. Yes it does; Task shifting; It correlates positively with traits such as creativity
10. Tolerance for ambiguity
11. Working memory updating
12. Explore other possibilities and stumble upon novel solutions
13. Right at the end: it makes a good concluding statement
14. Because a moderate amount of stress triggers a moderate amount of the chemical messenger called norepinephrine
15. A combination of both
16. Her ability to meet the challenges of change
17. Pushing high risk kids to act more like kids from low stress, low risk environments
18. The minimum: The way we interpret history is up for grabs