“As more of us flock to urban living, city designers are re-thinking buildings’ influence on our moods in an era of “neuro-architecture”.
By: Michael Bond
Published: BBC, 6 June 2017, http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20170605-the-psychology-behind-your-citys-design
Level of Difficulty: **
BEFORE YOU READ
· Watch: https://www.theweathernetwork.com/news/articles/being-in-nature-changes-your-brain-and-makes-you-kinder/66339 . How do you feel?
· Watch https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I0aYDQlRb08 How do you feel?
1. Read through the following brief article highlighting the findings of Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg. A major difference was observed between urban and rural dwellers in terms of …. Would Lindberg have agreed with Churchill’s statement or not?
2. The writer says “That could change”. What could happen?
3. What makes Ruth Dalton’s specialty interesting?
4. Watch the following video: http://www.pruitt-igoe.com/. The architectural reason for the many problems in this housing estate was………….The reason why this feature didn’t work was that…
5. Problems such as the above could be avoided if there was……;a view that Alison Brooks also agrees with.
6. Listen to the following brief statement: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q_HGgT--AGs . What general conclusion can be drawn concerning these housing estates?
7. The main advantage of using technology to get more information about how people react to urban settings is…
8. How would one be affected by the following:
10. Study these pics of Vancouver. The city has been designed in this way because:
11. What conclusion can be drawn from the Iceland experiment and the VR study published this year?
12. Watch and listen: https://www.sharecare.com/video/healthmakers/jeffrey-lieberman/what-are-risk-factors-for-schizophrenia What aspect of city living increases the risk of developing this illness?
14. Look at the picture of Times Square. What characteristic problem of life in urban settings was Snohetta trying to remedy?
15. Look at the plans of these two ancient cities (Rome and London). Which would make people unhappier? Why?
16. Read the quote from a visitor to the Seattle Central library. Why did she feel so anxious to leave?
17. Why are desire lines described as a form of mass rebellion?
Use the information you have acquired to write about the effects of urban design.
THE HIDDEN WAYS ARCHITECTURE AFFECTS HOW WE FEEL
Urban design and the way it affects individuals and their relationships is a very new area of research that people may not have thought about much. This text may serve to enlighten them.
1. Their response to stress
2. Urban architects could pay attention to the possible cognitive effects of their creations on a city’s inhabitants
3. She studies both architecture and cognitive science
4. The wide open spaces between the blocks; It discouraged a sense of community
5. Greater interaction across disciplines OR Greater/ more / better behavioral insight
6. They had been designed for you not to succeed
7. This adds a layer of information that is otherwise difficult to get at
8. Negatively: the first two; Positively: the second
9. They are blank cold spaces that effectively bleach street edges of conviviality
10. Green spaces are restorative and they improve health
11. The visual complexity of the natural environment acts as a kind of mental balm
12. The lack of social bonding and cohesion in neighborhoods
13. To nudge people closer together and make it more likely they would talk to each other
14. Living among millions of strangers
15. The second (Ancient London); People would constantly feel disoriented
16. She could go from A to B via one route and was forced to take a different route from B to A (If you said from the entrance into the library and from there back to the entrance, you can pat yourself on the back)
17. Because they mark people’s preferred paths across the city