“Doctored images can affect what we eat, how we vote and even our childhood recollections. The question scientists are asking is why there’s nothing we can do to stop it.”
By: Rose Eveleth
Published: BBC, 13 December 2012, http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20121213-fake-pictures-make-real-memories
Level of Difficulty: **
BEFORE YOU READ
· Elizabeth Loftus: How reliable is your memory? https://www.ted.com/talks/elizabeth_loftus_the_fiction_of_memory
· Scott Fraser: Why eyewitnesses get it wrong
1. What exactly is the “glitch” that the writer refers to? The fact that….
2. The writer implies that the way our memories are formed and the way our minds work makes deception easier / makes forgetting easier / makes remembering easier/ makes misdirection easier / makes misconduct easier.
3. What conclusion can be drawn from the experiment with the hot air balloon and the one with Bugs Bunny?
4. What surprising discovery was made as a result of the gambling experiment?
5. Imagine you wanted to remove the word “it” at the end of the sentence beginning “Of course, people aren’t walking…” just below the subtitle "Political Trickery. What would you replace it with? Be careful. This is a grammar question and has one answer.
6. The experiment carried out by Slate demonstrated that it is possible to promote damage to property /alter attitudes to protests / make protests more crowded / increase the danger of injuries.
7. Most news channels have plenty of visual material on their websites. We learn from the article that this could be because……
8. Who would be more likely to believe photos showing Vladimir Putin saving beached whales?
9. What innate problem seems to prevent people from being able to pick out fake images? The human inability to…
10. Why, according to the text, do we remember a particular joke but not who told it? Because although we remember the joke, …………………………..
11. The bad news concerning all the experiments involving fake images is that …
12. What is the difference between the examples of doctored images provided in the paragraph beginning “The worry” and the photograph of John Kerry at a Vietnam War protest. Explain in your own words.
13. The take home point from this text is that our memory is often…..and therefore open to manipulation.
Write a cause and effect essay where you discuss the reasons why fake news has such a powerful grip on people’s minds.
HOW FAKE IMAGES CHANGE OUR MEMORY AND BEHAVIOR KEY AND TEACHERS’ NOTES
The issue of fake news has been dominating the headlines around the world so it will be interesting to analyse the reasons why such news has such a grip on our minds even if it is proved to be wrong. The text examines the reasons for this issue and reports the findings of studies that have been carried out.
1. The fact that human memory is like a desert mirage
2. Makes misdirection easier
3. Old memories seem the easiest to manipulate
4. Even after being told that the footage was doctored, participants sometimes recalled the cheating that never happened.
5. That you have seen them
6. Alter attitudes to protests
7. People trust photographs so much that they actually place more weight on information that is accompanied with an image (regardless of…)
8. His supporters
9. Analyse lighting and reflections
10. We don’t remember where the information came from.
11. There is not much that anyone can really do to guard against being duped by these images
12. Possible answer: décor or props are added in the first case. The events did actually take place. The event is completely wrong in the second case; it never happened at all.