TEXT I: Forgiveness is the answer to (almost) all of our ills
“Let go of resentments and attend to helpful thoughts. You’ll live better”
“Never does the human soul appear so strong and noble as when it forgoes revenge and dares to forgive an injury” E.H. Chaplin
By: Jason Powers
Published: Nov 9 2016, Psychology Today, https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/beyond-abstinence/201611/forgiveness-is-the-answer-almost-all-our-ills
Level of Difficulty: **
BEFORE YOU READ
One of the experts whose views are discussed in the following two texts is Fred Laskin. In the following videos you hear him explaining his views. They will help you tackle the text and add depth to your writing later on. So watch, listen and take notes.
· Healthy Living - The Benefits of Forgiveness with Dr. Fred Luskin - Part 1 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z2poM6nZmW8
· Dr. Fred Luskin: The Art and Science of Forgiveness (Workshop)
1. Read the first paragraph of the text. Which of these sentences would best serve as the concluding statement?
· Not forgiving injury or hurt is seriously stupid
· Not forgiving injury or hurt is seriously damaging
· Not forgiving injury or hurt is seriously insulting
· Not forgiving injury or hurt is seriously evil
2. The quote from Max Lucado has been included in the paragraph to support the view that………………………………………….
3. Read the story told by Dabney Ewin. Why did this burn surgeon take the time to talk to his patients like this? So that……………..
4. What conclusion can be drawn from the same story?
5. Where, in the paragraph beginning “Then” would you place the following sentence: It seems that the psychological well being provided by forgiveness impacts a whole range of problems
6. We understand from the list of advantages of forgiving that it is in our interest to forgive/in our control to forgive/ to our advantage to learn to forgive/ in our hands to forgive (Mark as many as fit)
7. It is implied in the paragraph beginning “So” that we should enjoy making mistakes/ we shouldn’t be too hard on our selves / we should understand ourselves/ we should accept we are human/ we should be kinder to ourselves if we want to start learning to forgive. (Mark as many as fit)
8. Read the two paragraphs describing the process of learning to forgive. Now answer the following questions:
· What sensible piece of advice does the writer deliver when starting out?
· The writer also draws our attention to something that should be obvious but isn’t. It is the fact that ……………………………….
9. What does “That” at the beginning of the last paragraph refer to?
10. What warning does the writer offer at the end of the text?
TEXT II: How to be a better forgiver; four tips from experts on letting bygones go
By: Sunny Sea Gold
Published: Nov 2016; Scientific American Mind; https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-to-be-a-better-forgiver/
Level of difficulty: **
BEFORE YOU READ
1. The purpose of the examples listed in the first paragraph is to try and prove that….
2. We understand from the quote from Frederic Luskin that it is wrong to assume that forgiveness…………………
3. The study involving the women from Northern Ireland proves that it is important to learn to forgive if we want to ……………………
4. The purpose of the empty chair dialogue is to………..
5. What is the expected outcome of an empty chair dialogue?
6. Deep breathing and compassion meditation will not help in dealing with the flight or fight response if …………………….
7. Read the section titled “Keep trying” and mark true or false
· Forgiveness doesn’t happen over night
· Forgiveness doesn’t come easy
· Some people can never forgive
· Some people need professional help to forgive
· People need to work at trying to forgive
8. We understand from the same section that some of the awful things that have been happening in societies can be prevented if ….
Use all you have learnt concerning forgiving to write about the advantages of forgiving and not seeking revenge both in terms of the individual and in terms of the society as a whole
These two texts complement each other and focus on the benefits of forgiving and how to go about it. Considering how difficult it is to forgive and how much we all have to learn in this respect, the task should lead to some good discussion and an essay
TEXT I: Forgiveness is the answer to (almost) all of our ills; Key and Teachers’ notes
1. The second
2. Without forgiveness, anger and resentment putrefy
3. So that their skin graft would take
4. The attitude of patients greatly impacts their healing
5. At the very end
6. One and three
7. Two, four and five
8. Choose a minor hurt; Forgiveness is more about our relationship with ourselves than whom or what we are forgiving
9. The previous sentence
10. Fear might try rekindling the fire of resentment from time to time
TEXT II: How to be a better forgiver; four tips from experts on letting bygones go; Key and Teachers’ notes
1. Our larger human family needs forgiveness right now
2. Is a gift we bestow on someone once they have apologized or made restitution.
3. Reduce depression and anxiety
4. Try to get the people to look at things from the point of view of the person who hurt them and get a sense of empathy for what was going on with that person.
5. For the less negative emotions to begin to edge out some of the pain and anger
6. You haven’t had adequate time to grieve.
7. T, T, F, T, T
8. The amount of background bitterness, resentment and hostility can be lowered