Monday, March 31, 2014

THE SECRETS OF BODY LANGUAGE: A DEFINITION ESSAY


Communication is not only verbal; it involves body language as well. In fact, we start communicating with people before we even open our mouths and often involuntarily. Our body language will give people clues as to what we really feel. Do your research and write a definition essay on body language. Make sure to spread your research out over several days for full effect.
This writing task was prepared by Kübra Tör to whom we owe thanks.
Videos to watch and make notes on
1.       “History Channel secrets of body language” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dW9ztSUGY_Q  OR
2.       “What body language can say” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=50--L0vdnK8 OR
“Your body language shapes who you are” http://www.huffingtonpost.com/amy-cuddy/body-language_b_2451277.html (This is the same video plus a text to read)
Documentary to watch and make notes on
1.       “Secrets of body language” http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/secrets-of-body-language/
Presentation to watch and make notes on
1.       “Secrets of body language” http://www.slideshare.net/arifanees/secrets-of-body-language
Reading material to annotate
1.       “ Body language; understanding non verbal communication” http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/Body_Language.htm
2.“Non verbal communication” http://www.helpguide.org/mental/eq6_nonverbal_communication.htm
4. “Body language is half of business communication” http://www.businessinsider.com/body-language-is-half-of-business-communication-2011-1
5.      Body language, the language everybody speaks” http://www.lichaamstaal.com/english/ 

Sunday, March 30, 2014

IN DEFENCE OF LECTURING

By: Mary Burgan
Published: Change; November / December 2006
Level of Difficulty:****
BEFORE YOU READ
·         What do you feel about lecturing as a method of study?
·         What do you feel the role of seminars and student centered discussions be?
·         At the Sorbonne, there is almost no lecturing; the whole lesson focuses on student research and discussion. Would you have enjoyed such a system?
QUESTIONS
1.       To put it briefly, a lot of academics are against the two epitheys applied to them because……
2.       Which phrase in paragraph 2 could best summarize the main idea?
3.       Overwhelming developments in IT and the technical prowess of the new generation have given rise to two misconceptions:……………………………………………………………………………………..
4.       The views of Larry D. Spence and similar experts have their roots in the belief that………………………………………………………………………………(Use your own words)
5.       The new learning based learning model seems egalitarian because…………………………………….
6.       In the above learning model the role of teachers is to…………………………………………………………
7.       The underlying problem in the above model of learning is the following fallacy:………………..
8.       Which of the following best summarizes the view expressed in the paragraph beginning “When faculty object to this rosy vision”?
·         Advocates of problem based learning seem unaware of the dynamics of a classroom
·         Advocates of problem based learning have no practical experience
·         Advocates of problem based learning have not suggested solutions to enhance concentration
·         All of the above
·         None of the above
·         Other: please specify
9.       What reason does Phoebe Lou give for advice concerning shirkers, good offs and showboats?
10.   The raison d’etre of institutional education is to provide………………………………………………………
11.   The sentence which best summarizes the writer’s objection to problem based learning which she supports with Perry’s view is that……………………………………………………………….Where else could this sentence go?
12.   Which phrase in the same section would be the best title for the paragraph beginning “But” and the following two paragraphs?
13.   One advantage of lectures in terms of over all success rates is that………………………are far more obvious.
14.   Would Steven Pinker agree with Jeanne L. Naum or not? Why?
15.   What is lacking in the constructivist model in teaching maths?
16.   The examples of Primo Levi, Oliver Sacks and Richard Feynman are provided to prove that………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
17.   The reason why Feynman, Scully, Gubar, Rine and many similar scholars are so popular is the fact that…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
18.   What does “it” refer to in the phrase  “When they find it on a campus”?
19.   What does “such an effect” in the following paragraph refer to?
20.   Which phrase in the last two paragraphs could be selected as a subtitle for the section?
WRITING TASK
Go back over the paper and make careful note of the pros and cons of lecturing. When you have done so, write an argumentative essay on the topic.
IN DEFENSE OF LECTURING KEY AND TEACHER’S NOTES
The text this activity is based on is a much more sophisticated and challenging one than the texts on the same topic in level***. That being said, I don’t think this task should be covered if you have already done those as the activity may get tedious. Turning to the text, it is an extremely scolarly essay, lexically, organizationwise and contentwise and therefore a brilliant piece of writing to study for these reasons alone. The text lends itself to some good comprehension questions and an essay task with which students get no help except for the text at this level.
1.       The educational, pedagogical correctness of these verbal maneuvers is alligned with a general dismissal of their training and expertise as well as distrust of their good sense in the classroom
2.       Recentering higher education pedagogy
3.       They have the potential to master everything else; they can’t attend to talking heads
4.       Possible answer: The way the child is seen to acquire concepts and language should be made possible for adults too.
5.       Many thousands of students can be served at low cost.
6.       Form teams to invent and create expert-designed learning spaces and experiences
7.       Uninterested students sentenced to their tutelage are actually eager learners who have long been thwarted in their longing to take part in mutual discovery.
8.       The first. The others are not summaries
9.       If these dorks don’t learn to work with others, they won’t last in the workplace. If you don’t learn to confront dorks you won’t either.
10.   Those who choose or are fortunate enough to have access to contact with knowledgeable individuals so that they can receive guidance in their pursuit of knowledge.
11.   It is appropriate to adapt our pedagogies to students’ developmental progress; before “when students come to us”.
12.   Models of knowledgeable adults
13.   Failures
14.   No, he argued that basic knowledge not only in math but in many fields of science cannot really be learned without a substantial amount of direct exposition.
15.   Learning of arithmetic and explanation of its relevance in demonstrations of problems and theorems.
16.   Mastery cannot always be achieved through intimate social transactions
17.   They had gifts which were forensic and dramatic as well as intellectual
18.   The chance to observe intellectual mastery and excitement in their daily lives.
19.   The build-up of expectation for the next and the next lecture; due to the comma after comparisons, we don’t go back further.
20.   Teaching drives us to learning


Saturday, March 29, 2014

CORPORAL PUNISHMENT: A JUSTIFIABLE WAY OF DICIPLINING CHILDREN OR AN ACT OF BARBARISM? DOES SWEDEN HAVE THE ANSWER? RESPONSE OR REACTION ESSAY

Corporal punishment, involving beating, smacking or spanking, has long been seen as an acceptable way of disciplining children with proponents emphasizing its efficacy. Yet are they right? Or is this form of behavior an infringement of children’s rights? Sweden seems to think it is; in fact, it has thought so since 1979 when they outlawed it. In recent days, a Malaysian couple living in Sweden has received a prison sentence for the crime. Do your research into the case, read up on the background and write a response or reaction essay.
Reading material to annotate:
1.       “Malaysians charged in Sweden for hitting kids” http://www.thelocal.se/20140210/malaysian-couple-charged-with-assaulting-children
2.       “Swedish court finds Malaysian couple guilty of hurting children and metes out jail sentence”
Background reading to annotate:
1.       “The Swedish ban on corporal punishment: its history and effects”
Videos to watch and make notes on:
1.       “Sweden smacking case: children of Malaysian couple arrested in Sweden
2.       “Sweden child abuse trial: Malaysian couple found guilty, 2 years in jail”
http://www.ntv7.com.my/7edition/local-en/SWEDEN_CHILD_ABUSE_TRIAL_MALAYSIAN_COUPLE_FOUND_GUILTY_2_YEARS_JAIL.html

Thursday, March 27, 2014

THE CAUSES OF SUICIDE

Suicide, a personal and a collective tragedy, is basically a decision to cease to live and end one’s life. Survival is the strongest of human instincts so what pushes victims to the brink? Many have and continue to think that the depressed and the mentally ill resort to suicide but such is far from being the case as Emil Durkheim has demonstrated and you will find out once you have completed your research.
Power Point Presentation: Suicide
1.       “Suicide Theories” http://prezi.com/x87cpuq5rvr_/suicide-theories/ 
Reading material to annotate:
1.       “Suicide Causes” http://www.suicide.org/suicide-causes.html
2.       “The study of suicide: an overview of the famous work by Emil Durkheim”. http://sociology.about.com/od/Works/a/Suicide.htm
3.       “Social Facts and Suicide” http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/o26f99.htm
4.       “Suicide” This is the Durkheim home page and is a challenging piece of writing: http://durkheim.uchicago.edu/Summaries/suicide.html
5.       “Suicide – Causes: why people attempt suicide” http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Suicide/Pages/Causes.aspx
Additional material:
Video to watch and make notes on:

1.       “Durkheim on Suicide” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-cu29S-jvxQ
Documentary to watch
“Aftermath: the legacy of suicide” http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/aftermath-legacy-suicide/

Wednesday, March 26, 2014

DO WE MOLLY-CODDLE OUR KIDS SO MUCH THAT THEY MISS OUT ON VALUABLE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES? REACTION OR RESPONSE ESSAY

Most 50 to 60 year olds today have completely different memories of their childhood from the children of today: they ran wild all over the local vicinity, climbed trees, made mud pies and the like. Today’s children are cosseted and smothered by love, care and attention. Yet is this style of raising children misguided? Read the following article by Hanna Rosin on The Atlantic website:

The Overprotected Kid

“A preoccupation with safety has stripped childhood of independence, risk taking, and discovery—without making it safer. A new kind of playground points to a better solution.”
The link is as follows:
 http://www.theatlantic.com/features/archive/2014/03/hey-parents-leave-those-kids-alone/358631/

THE LINK BETWEEN FAITH AND MORALITY: REACTION OR RESPONSE ESSAY

A text posted on The Atlantic website titled “A Map of God’s Countries” provides the results of a survey which asked the simple question “Is it necessary to believe in God to be a moral person?”. Study the research findings and the graphs, decide where you stand in relation to the issue and write a reaction or response essay. The link is as follows:
http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/03/a-map-of-gods-countries/284469/


HOW TO COPE WITH TEENAGERS: LOOK TO THE MIDDLE AGES REACTION OR RESPONSE ESSAY

The teens have always been a difficult period for the teenagers themselves and their parents and teachers but if teenagers think they have it tough now, they should think again. In the Middle Ages, there was a quick easy and effective way to deal with the problem: boot camp; a very special boot camp though. Read the  following text: “What Medieval Europe  Did with Its Teenagers” written by William Kremer and find out what kind of a boot camp it was; then write a reaction or response essay. The link is as follows:



Monday, March 24, 2014

PRIVATE EDUCATION: AN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY


All countries in the world provide a state education at public schools but in some countries there is also the option of a private education. France is an example of the former with no private schools while the UK is an example of the latter. Which is best and where would you send your kid; to a public school or a private school? Do your research and argue for or against private education. It is suggested that you spread your research out over three days before putting pen to paper.
Graphs to study and draw conclusions from
Reading material to annotate
1.       “The private education system should be abolished
2.       “Why I sent my kid to a private school”
3.       “An argument against private schools”
4.       “Arguments against private school education”
5.       “Five more reasons why you should consider private schools”
6.       “Private schools are better than public schools”
Videos to watch and make notes on
1.       “Are public schools better than private schools?”
2.       “Education- public versus private education”


THE NSA VERSUS INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM: AN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY


A day doesn’t go by without a new revelation by Edward Snowden concerning the NSA surveillance program and the lengths to which they will go to gather information. Has the NSA gone too far and is Edward Snowden a hero or has he put international at security at risk by giving us the inside story? Should governments be given a free hand to harvest data in the current climate given that thanks to technology, threats have quadrupled or should there be limits to what they are allowed to do? To what extent should individual freedom be sacrificed to national security? Do your research and decide.
Videos to watch and make notes on
  1. Edward Snowden: Here’s how we take back the internet
  1. CNN archive: data mining and privacy: access the links, read, watch and make notes
Reading material to annotate
  1. “The NSA collects millions of text messages daily in untargeted global sweep”. Access the links, read, watch and make notes



Thursday, March 20, 2014

THE EUROZONE CRISIS; CAUSE / EFFECT OR PROBLEM SOLUTION ESSAY

The deepening Euro zone crisis is raising concerns about the future of the euro and the union itself. In fact, there are whispers concerning some countries breaking away from the union and also concerning the possible implosion of this union, which would be the end of a long treasured dream. How did we reach this point and what do we do now? Do your research and write an essay.

Video to make notes on:
1.       “European Debt Crisis Visualized” http://www.bloomberg.com/video/the-european-debt-crisis-visualized-iPA3~AbsSGG89LOGkkd~RA.html (Thanks are due to Gül Sarıovanlar for this wonderful link)
2.       “The Tragedy of the European Union; Disintegration or Revival?”
3.       “Euro in Crisis” http://www.ft.com/indepth/euro-in-crisis  (Video to the right of the page and can be made full screen
4.       “The European Debt Crisis Explained” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LKsZ1hqHBHU This link was contributed by Yavuz Selim Güney, to whom we owe thanks


Reading material to annotate
1.       “What is the European Debt Crisis” http://bonds.about.com/od/advancedbonds/a/What-Is-The-European-Debt-Crisis.htm (This link was contributed by Yavuz Selim Güney to whom we owe thanks
2.       “Five main Reasons for the European Debt Crisis” http://www.icn.com/en/article/2013/04/08/five-main-reasons-for-debt-crisis/
3.       “Europe’s Debt Crisis: A Beginner’s Guide


Wednesday, March 19, 2014

THE TEAM PLAYER VERSUS THE LONE WOLF; COMPARISON CONTRAST ESSAY OR ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES ESSAY


Some people are born team players adapting quickly to the cooperation, give and take and camaraderie that characterizes team work while others excel when they are left alone to get on with the job and have to learn to be team players when necessary. A certain amount of team work is necessary in the modern world but there are always opportunities for lone wolves as well. Do your research and approach the topic in one of the following ways:
  • The advantages and disadvantages of being a team player
  • The advantages and disadvantages of being a lone wolf
  • Compare and contrast team players and lone wolves
But before you do so, take the tests:
Reading material to annotate
  1. “Team: advantages and disadvantages” http://www.hf.faa.gov/webtraining/teamperform/Team008.htm
2.       “Are you a lone wolf or a team player” http://ezinearticles.com/?Are-You-a-Lone-Wolf-or-a-Team-Player&id=6516281
3.       “The advantages of being a team player” http://smallbusiness.chron.com/advantages-being-team-member-55878.html
4.       “The challenge of the lone wolf” http://www.stratfor.com/challenge_lone_wolf
Videos to watch
1.       “The power of a team: together everyone achieves more” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xevQ2yTyK9Y
2.       “Effective team work and collaboration” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NKUL0WpsnIM

3.       “Power in Teamwork” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_zKrA6_XQuo

4.       “Teamwork in the Workplace” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m69_K2iT42Q


5.       “Improving teamwork in Business and at the Workplace” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dg0Yi0MgkPc&list=PL84A704409A18803E

Tuesday, March 18, 2014

MISCARRIAGES OF JUSTICE; PROBLEM SOLUTION ESSAY

Miscarriages of justice, in other words, cases where the innocent are put behind bars or executed due to various reasons, have plagued justice systems for years. Efforts are continually being made to make reparations to those that have suffered injustice and prevent future cases. Do your research and write an essay concerning how miscarriages of justice may be prevented. It is suggested that you spread your research out over four days for maximum benefit.

Reading material to annotate
1.       Necessary reform to prevent and recognize miscarriages of justice” http://sclomax.co.uk/necessaryreform.htm
2.       “List of miscarriages of justice cases” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_miscarriage_of_justice_cases
3.       Canadian policy on the prevention of miscarriages of justice: a step in the right direction” http://www.crime-prevention-intl.org/io_view.php?io_id=132&io_page_id=722

If you want to expand your research and make this activity into a longer project:
1.       “Miscarriage of justice; Amanda Knox” This is an archive of articles on every aspect of the issue; browse, read and make notes:

Documentaries and videos to watch and make notes on:
1.       Go to http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/search/?results=Miscarriages+of+justice  in order to view the complete list of documentaries on this issue and select.
2.       “Wrongfully convicted; it can happen to anyone” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ACgWdzzl6R0
3.       “Criminal justice degree hub” http://www.criminaljusticedegreehub.com/top-10-criminal-justice-ted-talks/ Scroll down until you reach the following video: “The problem with eyewitness testimony”. One word of warning: it takes a couple of minutes for the play sign to come up.


Monday, March 17, 2014

TO LECTURE OR NOT TO LECTURE THAT IS THE QUESTION; MULTIPLE TEXT READING INTO WRITING ACTIVITY

With the countless new opportunities provided by technology, experts are beginning to question hallowed customs like lecturing as a means of teaching advocating student centered class rooms, seminars and individual work instead. Are they right? Is it time for a change in the centuries old method of disseminating information or are they being over enthusiastic? Do the following three reading tasks and determine where you stand. Then write an argumentative essay.
Level of Difficulty for the Whole Task: ***
The reason for the above: the writing task is challenging
BEFORE YOU READ
·         What kind of a classroom did you receive your education in?
·         Was it lecture based or student centered?
·         What are the merits and demerits of form of teaching you experienced?
Are you happy with the form of learning environment you were a part of or would you have liked to make changes?
TEXT ONE: LECTURES DIDN’T WORK IN 1350 – AND THEY STILL DON’T WORK TODAY
By: Hope Reese
Published: The Atlantic, November 2013
1.       What are the learning models Thornburg identifies?
2.       The reason why school was so depressing for Thornburg was the fact that:
·         He was made to fit in with the system
·         No allowances were made for individual differences
·         No allowances were made for individual ways of learning
·         All of the above
·         None of the above
·         Other: please specify
3.       Thornburg’s experience at The National Academy of Sciences led him to decide that ……………………………………………………………………..were needed.
4.       Read the description of the holodeck. The two reasons why this learning environment is so engrossing are the facts that the experience………………………………………………………………………..
5.       The holodeck was discovered to be a very successful way of teaching because the kids that took part in the Mars mission had gone on to……………………………………………………………………..
6.       What does the sentence “That’s changing” mean? In other words, what is happening? The focus of math education is shifting to……………………………………………………………………………..
7.       The writer does not have a problem with the content of math lessons but he does have a problem with ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
8.       Thornburg refers to Laurentius de Voltolina’s painting to prove that:
·         The working environment has been the same for a long time
·         Students talk or fall asleep during a lecture
·         Lecture based models don’t work
·         All of the above
·         None of the above
·         Other: please specify
9.       Thornburg states that what determines degree of concentration in children is……………………….
10.   When discussing whiteboards and Kindle, Thornburg criticizes the fact that……………………………
11.   How, specifically does he suggest new technologies should be used?
12.   What does “that” refer to in the sentence “And that’s an art”?
13.   Thornburg’s criticism of the flipped learning model is the fact that………………………………………
14.   Which of the pieces of criticism directed against having cell phones in the classroom does Thornburg not have an answer for?
15.   The teacher in the example embraced technology in the classroom because it enabled…………
16.   What is it about technology that students need to learn?
17.   Look at the last paragraph of the text. What is the function of the second sentence and the last sentence? How do they relate to each other?
TEXT TWO: IS THE LECTURE DEAD?
“Education isn’t just about conveying information as efficiently as possible. A lecture, done right, gets to the heart of why a lesson is worth learning.”
By: Richard Gunderman
Published: The Atlantic, January 2013
QUESTIONS
1.       The advantages of the use of technology in classrooms and small-group interactive learning are the facts that they enable………………………………………………………………………………………………
2.       Why did one of Texas’ medical schools get a rap on the knuckles?
3.       Could the first sentence of paragraph four be considered a summary of paragraph three? Why or why not?
4.       What is the purpose of paragraph four? Which sentence is the thesis statement? What is the function of the other sentences?
5.       A really good lecturer, by being physically present in real time, is able to do something an online learning module cannot. He is able to…………………………………………………………………………..
6.       What is the relationship of the paragraph beginning “The core purpose” to the last sentence of the previous paragraph?
7.       Which sentence in the same paragraph best expresses the advantage of lectures?
8.       The bonus of great lectures is that they…………………………………………………………………………………..
9.       Where else could you put the sentence “A great lecturer tells a story” and the following sentence?
10.   How does a good lecturer engage the students?
11.   State an example of a lecture that would be deadly dull. One involving…………………………………
12.   Read the stories of Pausch and Steve Jobs. The lesson we learn from both is that people should…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
13.   The writer praises Pausch and Jobs because they were able to……………………………………………….
14.   In the conclusion the writer states that our aim should be to………………………………………………….
TEXT THREE: DON’T GIVE UP ON THE LECTURE
“Teachers who stand in front of their classes and deliver instruction are not out-of-touch-experts – they are models”
By: Abigail Walthaysen
Published: The Atlantic, November 21, 2013
QUESTIONS
1.       Read the first short paragraph of the text. What conclusion can you draw from it? You will need to tweak the text.
2.       Many would agree with Thornburg that “lectures create a depressing experience”. What has been the result of this widely held view in terms of lesson planning?
3.       Paulo Friere and Alison King agree concerning the role of………………………………………………..
4.       How dependable are the results of the study comparing the “sage-on-the-stage” model and the “guide-on-the-side” model? Why or why not?
5.       The major arguments in favor of lecturing are as follows:
6.       What are the major arguments against lectures?
7.       Read the account of the writer’s college experience. What conclusion can we draw concerning the seminar model?
8.       Read the first sentence of the last paragraph. What is the reason? Use your own words.
9.       What overall conclusion is reached in the text?
WRITING TASK
Now that you have been through texts defending and criticizing the lecture, it is time to put pen to paper and write an argumentative essay. While doing so, you can opt for the “guide-to-the-side” method, the “sage-on-the-stage” method or a happy medium with a little of both. Remember not to rush this task so no clocks; it is more important that you get the organization and content right. Most importantly, enjoy yourself; this is one tough writing task.

TO LECTURE OR NOT TO LECTURE THAT IS THE QUESTION; MULTIPLE TEXT READING INTO WRITING ACTIVITY KEY AND TEACHER’S NOTES
This trio of texts all slot in together beautifully with the first coming out strongly for the “guide-to-the-side” method, the second coming out firmly in favor of the “sage-on-the-stage” method and the last one striking a balance so students have three options. If you decide to do this as a class activity you will need to spread it out over, at least, two days. If you are doing this on your own, I would suggest three days to reinforce all the learning.
TEXT ONE: KEY
1.       The camp fire or lecture based design, the watering hole or social learning, the cave, a place to quietly reflect and life where ideas are tested.
2.       All
3.       Technologies to support different types of learning
4.       Is immensely interactive and the kids feel almost like they are there.
5.       Study the topic on their own
6.       Real mathematics
7.       How you learn
8.       Other: 1+3
9.       Engagement. Nothing else will logically do.
10.   Are used to do the same old things better
11.   To do other things with these tablets and computers; taking new tools and using them in powerful new ways; to do things we couldn’t do before at all.
12.   Knowing when to give information and when to stop giving information.
13.   It is being used to perpetuate a traditional educational model
14.   Playing games all day long or inappropriate use of the phone.
15.   Real interesting stuff to be done or move the conversation in a very wonderful direction
16.   When it is appropriate to use tools
17.   Topic sentence, concluding statement, they enable the paragraph to hold together as a meaningful whole.
TEXT TWO: KEY
1.       Interactive, customized and self paced learning alternatives.
2.       Because its curriculum relied too heavily on passive approaches to learning – foremost among them lectures.
3.       No it doesn’t cover group sessions; highly touted technologies that have turned out not to enliven education.
4.       Rather than disposing entirely of the lecture as a means of learning, we should attempt to understand better the features that distinguish effective engaging lectures from those that leave learners limp. The purpose is support and transition to the next paragraph.
5.       Engage their imaginations and inspire them. The whole sentence won’t do because modules inform learners as well.
6.       The paragraph expands on the sentence so the sentence provides transition.
7.       The real purpose of a lecture is to show the mind and heart of the lecturer at work and to engage the minds and hearts of learners.
8.       Open learners’ eyes to new questions, connections and perspectives that they have not considered before, illuminating new possibilities for how to work and live.
9.       At the beginning of the previous paragraph before the example
10.   Sharing responsibility for solving problems with learners, working with them in real time to find a solution.
11.   A rote, mechanical reading of notes
12.   Have the courage to follow their heart.
13.   Get us thinking about our lives from fruitful new perspectives and help us seek out and find new meaning in the work we do every day.
14.   To perfect the lecture so far as we can.
TEXT THREE: KEY
1.       Lectures give a negative initial impression
2.       Only 10 or 15 minutes of the hour are allotted to teacher disseminated information, while the rest of the class period is centered on practice in groups or project based learning.
3.       The lecturer
4.       Not completely; there is no way to account for the teachers who gravitate towards lecturing because they excel at it, and those who encourage group work because they are comfortable managing such dynamics.
5.       It can create a more democratic experience for students than a lesson that is entirely student focused; teachers are irreplaceable as models of knowledgeable adults grappling with first principles in order to open their students’ understanding; a passionate display of erudition is valuable in itself.
6.       Lecturing is daunting to student confidence; the uniform pace diminishes student attention.
7.       Being clueless in a discussion class is much more embarrassing and destructive of a student’s self confidence.
8.       Possible answer: Lectures are popular
9.       The last sentence: there is no one method of education that fails across the board, only…